World Diabetes Day
The month of November is dedicated to raising awareness of diabetes, and November 14 is honored as World Diabetes Day in Frederick Grant Banting’s honor, a Nobel Prize winner known for co-discovering insulin.
This day is the ideal opportunity to highlight the significant social and economic effects of diabetes on a global level. We at Medify want to contribute by spreading some pertinent information.
Facts about World Diabetes Day
- The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization created World Diabetes Day in 1991. (WHO). In order to prevent complications and improve the quality of life for individuals who already have the condition, it is crucial to raise public awareness of the rise in diabetes cases.
- Almost 9% of adults globally, or more than 400 million people, have diabetes now. Later by 2040, this number is expected to increase, even more, reaching 600 million.
- India is home to 77 million diabetics, the second highest in the world.
- One in six people with diabetes in the world is from India. The numbers place the country among the top 10 countries for people with diabetes, coming in at number two with an estimated 77 million diabetics.
On International Diabetes Day, Medify makes it clear, India needs to pause and re-evaluate its strategy to combat diabetes.
Insufficient insulin synthesis by the pancreas or inappropriate insulin absorption by the body is the two main causes of diabetes, a chronic condition. This results in the blood’s level of glucose rising (hyperglycemia).
Types of Diabetes:
a. Type 1 diabetes
It is thought that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. This means that your immune system accidentally targets and kills the beta cells in your pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. The harm is irreparable. The cause of the attacks is unclear. Environmental and genetic variables might both be important. It is thought that lifestyle factors are not significant.
b. Type 2 diabetes
The first stage of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Your pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body is unable use it effectively. The subsequent decrease in insulin production results in high blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes is not known to have a specific cause. Potentially contributing elements include:
- a more sedentary way of living
- larger size or obesity
- Other health and environmental factors
- gestational diabetes
c. Gestational diabetes
Contrary to type 1 diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin. Due to other hormones production during pregnancy makes insulin less effective, this condition is referred to as insulin resistance. These symptoms are likely to disappear following delivery.
Only pregnant women experience this type of diabetes. People who have prediabetes already and a family history of diabetes are more likely to experience it.
According to Trusted Source, most women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes, with a 50% success rate.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Below are some of the diabetes symptoms which are most frequently present:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Weakness and tiredness
- Distorted vision
- Dry mouth
Prevention of Diabetes
90% of diabetes cases could be prevented with a healthy diet and regular exercise. What you can do to lower your chance of developing diabetes is listed below:
- Reduced sugar and processed carbs
- Observe portion sizes.
- Increase your intake of fibre.
- Regular exercise
- Obtain enough liquids
- Stop smoking.
- Sleep soundly
- lower your stress levels
- Regularly have medical examinations
Regular check-ups and lifestyle changes such as regular exercise can help diabetic patients notice dramatic changes in their blood sugar levels, and insulin accessibility can make a huge difference in tackling this disease and helping millions overcome this challenge.